WHO. The global prevalence of anaemia in 2011. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2011 [Available from:,accessed?sequence=1

Balarajan Y, Ramakrishnan U, Özaltin E, Shankar AH, Subramanian SV. Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet. 2011;378(9809):2123-35.

Parks S, Hoffman MK, Goudar SS, Patel A, Saleem S, Ali SA, et al. Maternal anaemia and maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes in a prospective cohort study in India and Pakistan. BJOG. 2019;126(6):737-43.

Kang SY, Kim HB, Sunwoo S. Association between anemia and maternal depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Psychiatr Res. 2020;122:88-96.

Dama M, Van Lieshout RJ, Mattina G, Steiner M. Iron Deficiency and Risk of Maternal Depression in Pregnancy: An Observational Study. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2018;40(6):698-703.

Auerbach M, Gafter-Gvili A, Macdougall IC. Intravenous iron: a framework for changing the management of iron deficiency. Lancet Haematol. 2020;7(4):e342-e50.

Radhika AG, Sharma AK, Perumal V, Sinha A, Sriganesh V, Kulshreshtha V, et al. Parenteral Versus Oral Iron for Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anaemia During Pregnancy and post-partum: A Systematic Review. J Obstet Gynaecol India. 2019;69(1):13-24

WHO. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 2000-2017 2019 [Available from:

National Population Commission Nigeria. National Demographic and Health Survey Nigeria 2018 [Available from: